This week we will be focusing mainly on visuals. We will be thinking how each part of the production process, and how is relates to the visual elements of a film. I am really interested and excited to think about the visual elements of the film, as well as gaining more understanding of how important each stage of production is.

How does Pre-Production apply to visuals?

The first thing that I will be thinking about and reflecting on is how pre-production relates to visuals. This is really important to think about as preproduction is a really large portion of the overall production of a short film.

  • Storyboarding
  • List of shots that will be needed
  • Set the camera and lighting according to location
  • Casting of the actors
  • Gather together a crew for filming
  • Equipment
  • Location scouting
  • Finance
  • The actors
  • The environment
  • Time constraints
  • The crew

What are the elements that need to be considered?

 The Environment:

Image result for film setBlue Forest HQ (2017) ‘Tree house design and construction’

  • When thinking about the environment you need to understand and think about if the environment big enough to fit all of the camera equipment into the environment.
  • It is also important to think about if the environment looks like the area that you want to film in, and to see if you are going to be able to create an affective film.
  • It is important to think about if the area is a viable area to film in. For example is the area private, do you have to ask to film there.
  • Is the environment suitable for different shots such as pan and tracking shots, or is the area restricted?

Time Constraints.

Image result for time constraint

NOREBBO (2017) ‘Time Constraints’

Time constraints are another thing that is really important to think about. Some ways you can deal with time constraints can be:

  • making a detailed scheduled that maps out exactly what yo are doing and at what point.
  • when filming daylight hours, starting early can ensure that you have as much time as possible to film.
  • have a detailed storyboard and plan of the shots you need to film. This will help to reduce to amount of time needed on set planning, as you would have sorted it out throughout pre production.

The Equipment.

Image result for cameras photography

Photography Cameras (2010) ‘Lighting Tips and Techniques for photography’

Another thing that is important to think about is the equipment. In pre production you can make an equipment lists, and think closely about what equipment you can use to produce the best shot possible. Another thing that yo can complete in post is planning and booking equipment that you need throughout the production.


Financial Elements.

Image result for british moneyLondon and Partners (No Date) ‘British Money’

Another important element to consider are the financial elements of the production:

  • do you have enough money to complete what you need to?
  • what can you do with the recourses you already have?
  • do you need to hire people, such as crew and actors?

The Crew.

 Image result for film crew

El Jireh (2012) ‘Film Crew Photos’

The crew of a production can make or breathe shoot. in pre-production you can interview crew. Once you have hire the crew that you need, another step could be getting them all together, and working together as a team. This way you can establish who will be working with who if that need be, and understand the atmosphere of the group.  Does your team work well together? How many people do you need to hire?

Types Of Shots.

Image result for different film shots

Pinterest (No Date) ‘Explore Filmmaking Editing, Filmmaking Source and more!’

  • have you used a variety of different shot to keep the audience interested?
  • why have you decided to use the shots you are using?
  • are the shots helping you to portray your characters? for example, extreme close ups to show the emotions of a specific character for a specific reason?

who are the key crew members?


The cinematographer is an important part of  the overall production of visuals. The cinematographer will often work with the director to help to create the visual vision. They will help to create each shot, they are directing the photography and camerawork.

Camera Operator:

The camera operator is another key crew member. The, like the name suggests, operates the camera. They will sometimes have assistants but sometimes will work alone, depending on the size and budget of the production.


The director is clearly an extremely important member of the crew. The visuals are ofter the Directors idea, we are creating his or her idea onto a screen, and they are an important and key member of the crew


Another key member of the crew is the editor. They edit all of the shots together, which can really affect and change the way that the visuals are perceived by the audience.


how do they link with the other stages of the production process?


  • You have already planned ahead for a variety of the problems you could face, and so have planned for solutions already. This means that you are cutting down a lot of time that would have been wasted trying to work out solutions on the day.
  • you will be able to effectively collect your visuals on the day, as during preproduction you have already worked out the best places to get your shots. When on location you have planned out where the camera will be situated, making sure that the location is suitable to Film you scene in.
  • Also all of the research done throughout post production relating to all of the points I made earlier helps to speed up and improve the overall quality of the project as a whole.


  • The pre-production of visuals is also extremely important when it comes to post production. If you have planned out everything using storyboards in pre-production, then you will have got all of the necessary shots on set. This means that the editing process will be faster and more effective.
  • Another way pre-production links with the other stages of the production process is that if the time constraints and other important elements such as environment and crew have been taken into consideration, the overall product will look a lot better as what you are editing during post will be successful and put together.


Post Production and Visuals:

Post production relates closely to visuals in a variety of different ways:


In post production, effects can be added to completely change and improve the overall production of the film.

Colour Correction:

Colour correction is another visual elements that links to post production. Colour correction can be used to change the overall look of the whole film. You can go from a bright a sunny film, to something that looks eerie and dull. Also, you can touch up to colour in each shot to make sure each shot matches when it comes to colour. This can help to make your production look more realistic, and help to keep the audience immersed in the scene.

syncing sound:

Another really valuable element that relates visuals and post production together is syncing sound. Syncing sound is where you sync the sound and visuals together, to make sure that they match up together. It is vital that the sound is in sync with the visuals. This is because if the audio is not in sync, then the overall production will look low quality and the audience will not be able to focus on the overall film, but instead on the out of sync audio.


Practical Task:



Location Recce

The location recce is a really important part of pre production. The location recce will help me to understand and think about any problems that could occur when on location. It will help me to become more aware of my location.





Risk Assessment:

I have completed a location recce of the area in which I will be filming in. I have made sure to think about both areas I will be filming in, and evaluating what I will need to do to further control the environment.



The schedule is really important to the production of the overall film. Keeping to schedule helps me to keep on track all the way through the production.


The Letter:

A Short Film.

Overall I am not very happy with how this project had turned out. I am disappointed, but I have really learnt a lot from this project. I feel like throughout this process I have grown as a creator, and I have learnt a lot about the difficulties of film making. I am going to look into more detail and talk about the problems that I have faced, and discuss the solutions that I have come up with. as well as what I have learned in this process

Problems and Solutions:

  • shots:

One problem that our group faced was about a particular shot. The shot looking through the bookcase is without a doubt a creative shot but, unfortunately, the footage looks really shaky. Because the eyes focus on the books, and so any stutter in the camera movement is really noticeable to an audience. As a solution to this, you could use a steady cam, but personally I don’t like this shot, so I would maybe change it to a cutaway of the notebook, or an extreme close up of the character to help show emotion.

  • shaky camera:

I touched on this previously, but one of the main problems that this project has is that there is shaky footage. We did not end up using a tripod or steady cam for this production, which has clearly a mistake. The footage looked fine in the small camera screen when we looked back through the footage on location. By time we got back to the classroom and uploaded the footage, we realised that the footage was extremely shaky and didn’t look professional at all. Sadly, we did not have time to reshoot the footage. As a solution next time I will make sure that I use a tripod wherever possible, and reshooting footage I am not happy with where possible.

  • breaking the 180 degree rule:

another problem that I only noticed whilst editing is that we broke the 180 degree rule. Although it could be argued that this is okay, because we show that we are crossing that line, there could still be some confusion there. I think that this problem came about because I didn’t show any direction by using arrows on my storyboard. As a solution to this I will make sure that, in the future, I use arrows and make detailed notes on my storyboard to show where the camera movement and screen direction. This will help me when using my storyboards on set. As another solution, I could even make a separate document talking about the camera movement and screen direction if I am not sure.

  • equipment in shot:

Another problem I encountered throughout the making of this project that I only noticed when editing is that there was equipment in shot. In the shot with the books in the foreground, the LED light box is on the shelf in the background. This not only loos unprofessional, but it also pulls the audience out of the film. I am really disappointed that I didn’t see that this was in shot, and I will make sure that, as a solution , I am more aware of my surroundings in the future. Another solution to this problem could be finding an area to keep all unneeded equipment to try to reduce the risk of it being in shot at all.



overall I feel like I have been taught a huge amount this week. I am learning that having problems isn’t always a bad this, and that they can actually teach you just as much, or even more, that if the project went well. The variety of problems that I have faced this week will stick with me in the future, and the solutions I have come up with will also. It has also been really useful to be able to practise and get my accustomed to the documentation that I need to complete throughout the pre-production process to help make my project as good as possible. I am really excited to continue in my journey as a creator.


Social Media Feedback:


Twitter is definitely my least successful social media platform when it comes to advertising my work. I have been discussing this with a number of people in my course, and they have all noticed a similar pattern. On Instagram, you can use many more hashtags to reach a wider audience. On Twitter, because of the 140 character limit, I am unable to use a large range of hashtags, this means that I am therefore reaching a smaller margin of people. To counteract this, I am going to try to keep on following more filmmakers and creators that inspire me. This way they may find their way onto my page, and furthermore helping to increase to amount of feedback I receive.


Although I am not receiving a lot of feedback on my posts, I have received a large variety of personal messages. Most of them advertise the individual’s work. I have also got three messages from verified users. This is really exciting, and it is really opening my eyes to the huge variety of filmmakers and creators on the platform.


On Instagram I left a longer comment on the post, talking about how I am not entirely happy with what I have produced. I hoped that this would not only resonate with other creators, but also help remind me that creating and failing is okay. This week the video of ‘The Letter’ has received 31 views.


I have got five different comments on my post this week. I feel like my comment helped to humanise my page, and help to show fellow filmmakers that I am in the same situation as them. It is nice to receive comments of reassurance, and also to show that creators have been viewing what I have made.




Harvard Referencing:

Blue Forest HQ (2017) ‘Tree house design and construction’ Available at: (Last Accessed: 27th February 2017)

NOREBBO (2017) ‘Time Constraints’ Available at: February 2017)

Photography Cameras (2010) ‘Lighting Tips and Techniques for photography’ Available at: Accessed: 27th February 2017)

London and Partners (No Date) ‘British Money’ Available at: Accessed: 27th February 2017)

El Jireh (2012) ‘Film Crew Photos’ Available at: (Last Accessed: 28th February 2017)

Pinterest (No Date) ‘Explore Filmmaking Editing, Filmmaking Source and more!’ Available at: (Last Accessed: 28th February 2017)

IEC (No Date) ‘Cinematography’ Available at: (Last Accessed: 29th February 2017)