Perryman, M. (2015) ‘‘Sound Set!’: The Film Industry Needs Audio’
Throughout this week we have been focusing on audio. Unlike last week. this wee will be thinking about the different stages of production and how they specifically link to audio. We will also be thinking about all of the skills we have learnt so far concerning audio, and with the skies we have gained we will be creating short audio project. The project will be entirely audio based. I am really excited to try to make an audience feel connection towards a solely audio based piece.
What are the stages of the production process?
- Post Production
How does pre-production apply to audio?
Go scouting for a location that the sound will work well in:
One of the most important elements of pre-production and audio is finding a location that will work well for the production you are looking to create. This involves a variety of different things. Firstly you will need to research different possible areas to film, thinking about if there are any factors that will limit the quality of the audio. For example is there any roads or train tracks nearby that will create too much noise to be able to pick up quality sound. It is the sound teams job to try to find solutions around any problems due to location, not the writers job to change to location.
Invest in quality sound equipment:
A really important element of post production is investing and using the highest quality sound equipment available to you. This is an important part of Pre-Production as filming with the best quality sound equipment possible will help to make your audio as crisp and clear as possible. It is also important to find and think about what type of sound equipment will help you to record the best type of audio. For example, will a lapel microphone or shotgun microphone help to pick up the best quality audio? These are all things that are extremely important to test and research in pre-production.
Hire a sound mixer or boom operator:
Sound mixer and boom operators can be extremely helpful in production. In rehearsals the boom operator can work out where to stand to make sure not to create any shadows. Here they can test whether or not they are picking up the highest quality audio possible in the scene. This brings us to our next point.
Having a rehearsal or ‘test run’ can be a really important part of the pre-production for audio. The sound crew can work out where the best place to pick up audio is. They can also test different microphones. Another important part of a test run is the director can inform the sound crew that they need to wear quiet shoes, and no bracelets and jewellery that may make noise and distort the audio.
Requirements of the shot:
In pre-production we must think about the different requirements of the shot. For example, if there are a lot of people in the scene, you would need to think and test where the best area to put the microphone is to pick up the best quality of sound.
Examples of other elements that need to be considered:
- The environment
- Time constraints
- The equipment
- Financial elements
- The crew
How they link with the other stages of the production process?
production: The pre-production of audio links to production for many different reasons, for example:
- You have already planned ahead for a variety of the problems you could face, and so have planned for solutions already. This means that you are cutting down a lot of time that would have been wasted trying to work out solutions on the day
- you will be able to effectively collect your audio on the day, as during preproduction you have already tested different microphones and found the ones that will give you the highest possible quality of audio. In preproduction the Boom operator will have found the best area to pick up the best audio.
- Also all of the research done throughout post production relating to all of the points I made earlier helps to speed up and improve the overall quality of the project as a whole.
- you will be able to effectively collect your audio on the day, as during preproduction you have already tested different microphones and found the ones that will give you the highest possible quality of audio. This means that the sound will not have to be changed and edited too much is post production, therefore cutting down editing time, and making it easier to create a successful and affective edit.
Here is a video that describes in detail audio and the pre production process. This video has really helped me to further my understand of the amount of people it takes to create and edit audio:
Lightsfilmschool (2013) ‘Sound Design Tutorial For Film: Audio & Pre-Production’
Planning and Documentation:
Another important part of pre-production is planning and documentation. Planning and documentation is extremely important. As well as being an official document to look back on, it is also a way to help solidify your ideas and check everything through. There are a variety of different documents and elements of planning involved to help to create the best final result possible.
- meeting a hiring crew
- contract and details
- Time plan
- scheduling shoot days
- health and safety
for this practical task I will be working within a group to plan and film a short audio piece named ‘the proposal’. I will be editing the piece myself. I am really interested to think about and try to evoke emotion from an audience using only audio. I am really interested in working in a group as well, as I think I am going to learn such a large variety of skills that will help me develop as both an individual and a creator.
Location Recee :
The location recce is a really important part of pre production. The location recce will help me to understand and think about any problems that could occur when on location. It will help me to become more aware of my location.
I have completed a location recce of the area in which I will be filming in. I have made sure to think about both areas I will be filming in, and evaluating what I will need to do to further control the environment.
I am really looking forward to going to our location to film the audio for this project. I am really discovering my interest in Foley Sound. I think that it is really amazing to be able to create and layer sounds to increase the level of emotion that the audience is feeling towa4rds the piece. Layering Foley can help to immerse the audience into the scene, and make them feel like that are really there.
I truly think that this project will help me to look back and think about the variety of problems and solutions that I may encounter. I will really evaluate and discuss the problems and solutions that I have had, and reflect on how I will use what I have learnt going forward.
The Final Project:
Problems and Solutions:
Throughout the filming and editing of my final piece I did encounter a variety of different problems and solutions that I will now discuss and talk about.
One problem we did encounter was our location. To begin with I was really happy with the location. I had completed a what I thought was a successful location recce, and I was ready to record the audio in a quiet area. What I had not thought of was the time at which I completed my location recce in relation to when my shot was going to be. I completed to location recces at 13:00, when our shoot was going to be at 15:00 the next day. when we got to our location it was far busier than it was when I completed the location recce. The area was far busier than it was previously, and far too loud of an environment to film in. As a solution to this, we moved to a new location. In the future, I will make sure to go to my location at the time of when the shoot will be when I do the location recce to get a more accurate representation of the location in which I am recording in.
One problem that I encountered when editing this piece is getting the levels of the Foley sound and character audio correct. Most of the sounds were at the correct level, as we set the thought about the levels on the microphones when filming, but some of the Foley sounds that we have produced were slightly too loud. One example of this is when we were filming the clinking of the glasses. To get this sound we knocked my keying against a door knob. This made a really good sound, but it was too loud. As a solution to this, I reduced the level of sound in post production in Avid Media Composer. I try to avoid editing stuff too much in post to fix mistakes. I prefer to use editing as a way to enhance everything. I really do try to re film if I can, but here I had no option. I am still really happy with how this piece of Foley turned out.
- Realistic Foley:
Another problem that I encountered was trying to create realistic Foley Sound. I am really enjoying trying to find a way to create accurate Foley sound throughout this project, but there are some sounds that I decided to abandon and replace with sound from sound libraries. One example of this is we tried to make a popping sound with our mouths to create the sound of a cork popping out of a champagne bottle. The sound did not sound accurate and so, because of the fact we didn’t have the time to rerecord the audio, I decided to use a sound from an online sound library. This was far better than using the sound that we originally recorded.
Overall I am really pleased with how my final piece turned out. I am happy with the use of layering Foley sound to create emotion and to keep to audience interested in the scene. Althought I did encounter some problems and solutions throughout this week, I have learnt from each problem, and I will consider each problem that I have had this week moving forward. This week has helped me to develop my skills as a filmmaker and creator.
Social Media Feedback:
I posted ‘the proposal’ on both of my social media platforms. I am going to look through my feedback now:
I am still not getting any comments on my twitter. I have tried to use different hashtags but I still don’t seem to be getting any comments. I think that I will try to follow some more people associated with film. This way they can see my profile, and then a may get more followers, likes a comments.
This week I did manage to get a retweet which is really exciting. This means that more people will be able to see what I have made which is a really positive thing.
I have also managed to receive two more personal messages. I still find it really interesting to receive such content, as it allows me to find out more about other up and coming creators trying to break into the industry.
This week I am really bewildered by the large amount of likes of my audio task ‘the proposal’. Unfortunately I haven’t got any comments, but I definitely think that the hashtags I am using are working. This post has already gotten 53 likes, and this is still increasing.
This week on Instagram I have also received a personal message from sixthsensehorrorfilmfest. I personally have never been drawn to horror films, but this looks like it could be really interesting. I am really open to broadening the types of Films that i consume. As a creator I want to be well rounded and informed about as many genres as possible, and so this is a really positive experience for me personally.
DPS (2010) ‘Pro Audio & Video Production – Fond du Lac’ Available at: http://www.demoskeproductionservices.com/ (Last Accessed: 20th February 2017)
Home (No Date) Sound Operator Gallery’ Available at: http://keywordsuggest.org/gallery/642191.html (Last Accessed: 20th February 2017)
Admin (2014) ‘technical rehearsal’ Available at: http://www.emp1.com/blog/technical-rehearsal (Last Accessed: 20th February 2017)
Rocket Productions (No Date) ‘Location Scouting’ Available at: http://rocketproductions.com.au/services/pre-production/location-scouting/ (Last Accessed: 20th February 2017)
TECHZONO (2015) ‘Cheap Microphones for Recording: The Definitive Guide’ Available at: http://techzono.net/cheap-microphones-guide/ (Last Accessed: 20th February 2017)
Titanic Lore (No Date) ‘Gallery images and information: Filmset’ Available at: http://titanic-lore.info/uaencrv-filmset.asp (Last Accessed: 20th February 2017)
Perryman, M. (2015) ‘‘Sound Set!’: The Film Industry Needs Audio’ http://www.rifemagazine.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/sound-desk-1200×900-.jpg ( Last Accessed: 20th February 2017)
Lightsfilmschool (2013) ‘Sound Design Tutorial For Film: Audio & Pre-Production’ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BWN3RJGUetk (Last Accessed: 20th February 2017)
Ultradust (2012) ‘Champagne: Cork Pop and Pour’ Available at: https://www.freesound.org/people/ultradust/sounds/166923/ (Last Accessed: 5th April 2017)
Rach_Capache (2016) ‘Restaurant Ambience.wav’ Available at: https://www.freesound.org/people/Rach_Capache/sounds/366426/ (Last accessed: 5th April 2017)
Alterr (2013) ‘applause’ Available at: https://txhistoryonline.wordpress.com/sound-effects-used-in-audio-version/ (Last Accessed: 28th January 2017)