In this weeks skills lesson we were learning all about camera skills. It was really eye opening to learn about some different techniques when shooting. I am also really excited to take part in the practical part of this session, as I believe it will really help me to develop my knowledge of different types of shots and how they are used to create the most effective scene possible.
180 Degree Rule:
The first thing that we studied as a class was 180 degree rule. THi rule is there to maintain screen direction and also audience awareness of what is actually going on in the scene. For example, if there are two people standing facing towards each other, they is a figurative line, often know as the ‘line of action’ that is there for you to have a constant reminder of what side you are shooting from. as you can see by the diagram below, if you were to shoot from camera D, you would be crossing the line of action, which would confuse the audience and make it look like the character is talking to themselves.
Grant, J. (no date) ‘180 Degree Rule | Justin Grant’
Over The Shoulder Shot:
An over the shoulder shot is shot taken behind someone’s shoulder, often showing a conversation taking place. It helps to link two characters together, giving almost a third person perspective. It shows the perspective of the two characters talking, and helps to establish where the characters are situated. To make my explanation clearer, I have found an example. In this scene, one of the last moments of the first series of Sherlock (Paul McGuigan 2010) we have an over the shoulder shot to show a third person perspective of Sherlock holding a gun to Moriarty.
Francis, N. (2013) ‘Homework – Sherlock Holmes Shot types’
Shot Reverse Shot:
a shot reverse shot is where you have a shot of one person, and then another shot showing the link between the two people, so the other person, and then this goes back and forth. It is most commonly used when two characters are having a conversation. Here is an example:
Nami, T. (2012) ‘Shot Reverse Shot’
As you can see in one shot we see one of the people in the conversation in an over the shoulder shot, and then we see the same with the other character. This is why this technique is often use when going back and forth in a conversation. It is a way to show what the individuals are saying, whilst keeping the audience engaged and interested in the scene.
Match On Action:
At first, I found math on a action slightly harder to understand, but after going through it again, i now understand. Match on action is used to gain continuity in your shots so they follow on properly. This is something that often slips by when shooting. Here is an example of where match on action is used extremely effectively:
DrBartKeppel (2011) ‘Match on action in Bringing Up Baby’
In this clip match on action is used when the lady takes a match. The camera cuts a shot of her face on, and the clip continues on. THe cut is really effective, and match on action is used to gain continuity in in the shots.
For our practical task this week we had to, in groups, plan a storyboard that shows a short scene between two people, showing:
- 180 degree rule
- shot reverse shot
- 180 degree rule
I really enjoyed this task, as practical tasks really help to solidify my understanding of what I have previously learned. As well as this, I found it really interesting to be able to create a storyboard and then try to recreate this in real life to make a working scene of shots.
Here is the storyboard that our group created. Looking back now, I realise that we developed the scene a lot more when we were actually on set, as we realised the potential of the variety of shots we could capture. We wanted to be able to capture a confrontation between two individuals. One is accusing the other of taking their friend for themselves. The confrontation ends with a sla from the individual who began the confrontation itself.
This shot establishes the scene, showing the audience exactly where the scene is taking place and giving the audience an indications as to where the scene is taking place. This shot also shows 180 degree rule, and where the line of action will be. I think that this shot is really successful and necessary for the audience.
This shot shows an over the shoulder shot, giving a third person perspective to the audience. I think this shot is really effective, as it shows the anger on the characters face, as well as showing the audience where the scene is taking place.
this shot shows an over the shoulder shot. Although I have now realised that there isn’t continuity in these shots as in the first shot the character beginning the argument has the college lanyard on, but now she doesn’t.
The previous shots and this one shows shot reverse shot, as it is shots of each person going back and forth to show a conversation.
I really like this shot, as we tried to focus in on the hand to show the audience what is coming next. We tried to create match on action in the shot and the next shot to shot continuity between shots to, overall, create a more effective scene.
The final shot shows the slap scene. In this shot we wanted to capture a final dramatic shot. It focuses on the emotion of the character being slapped.
Overall I think all of the shots were successful. When looking back I have noticed a couple of small errors, for example the lanyard I mentioned previously. I have also noticed that, because of the way we have shot each scene, the audience may be confused about our heights. But, apart from that, I am really happy with all of the shots. I am happy with the lighting design, where we decided to film and the emotion we were able to pick up in each shot.
Grant, J. (no date) ‘180 Degree Rule | Justin Grant’ available at: https://justingrant373.wordpress.com/unit-16-film-editing/film-theory/ (Last accessed: 25th October 2016)
Francis, N. (2013) ‘Homework – Sherlock Holmes Shot types’ Available at: http://g322nathanfrancis.blogspot.co.uk/2013/09/homework-sherlock-holmes-shot-types.html (Last Accessed: 25th October 2016)
Nami, T. (2012) ‘Shot Reverse Shot’ Available at: http://nfgstsunami.blogspot.co.uk/2012/12/shot-reverse-shot.html (Last Accessed: 25th October 2016)
DrBartKeppel (2011) ‘Match on action in Bringing Up Baby’ Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eKS2d6TyiWo (Last Accessed: 25th October 2016)