mungo-cameraman-03.jpgKheidr, K. (no date) ‘Explore Study Masters, Media Tv Outfits, and more!’

How do you become a cameraman?

University:

As usual, university is a great way into a career as a cameraman. It gives you experience and contacts from others around the college, and there are certain opportunities to get spotted by people from different companies such as The BBC or Sky.

University also gives you a provable qualification that you can show to an employer, which will help to prove your skill, persistence and will show basically if you are good enough for the job. It also gives you a lot of time to be able to improve your skills in the field.

 

Internship:

As said in previous blogs, an internship is a really good path to becoming a cameraman. Although there is no qualification at the end, an internship does allow you to gain experience in the field, and gives you real life experience as well as a more controlled experience that you may receive at universities and other schools.

 

Apprenticeship:

An apprenticeship is, in short, a paid internship. You also get a qualification at the end, which is something extremely positive. This is because you can show it to employers to prove you have experience and talent in the field. It gives you real life experience in the field, which is one of the best ways to actually determine whether this is the field that you want to go into, and, once you have decided, it gives you a lot of insight into the industry itself.

 

Different Jobs Roles:

Assistant:

A camera assistant is below a cameraman and director of cinematography. But this job is also a very important job in the film industry. An camera assistant will help the camera operator/ cameras, often setting up all of the equipment necessary for the cameraman to be able to shoot the scene. This means that it is so important that they do their job efficiently and correctly, otherwise the whole of the rest of the crew will be held up.

Camera Operator/ Cameraman:

Camera operators or ‘Cameramen’ have many skills. They have to be extremely creative and they will be at all of the story board meetings. They do have a part in creating the overall look and effect of each shot, and are a really important part of the overall production.

Director of Cinematography:

The director of cinematography is the person who will have the creative vision. They will have a team working for them. This team can vary in size due to the fact that each production is completely different, but they will have people working with tem and supporting them.

 

A Famous Cameraman:

After A lot of consideration, I have decided to find out a little more about one of my favourite cameramen ‘John Seale.’ I will be trying to find out more about his career and how he got to where he is today. I am also really excited to try to find out some of the first films that he made, as it is really interesting to see where he came from as a creator.

Seale was born on 5th October 1942 in Queensland Australia. Interestingly, he started work in 1963 at the ABC-TV, New South Wales. In the early 1960’s ABC-TV began to create some of the first Australian TV series and, in 1965, ABC was convinced to give Seale the chance to be a camera operator. This was a huge step for Seale, and it was the gateway to much bigger things. The ABC were convinced by Bill Grimmond to give him this position and later in 1965 the worked on a children’s TV together ( Wandjina! 1966. ) This again was a huge turning point for Seale, and in the 1970s he actually moved to Fauna Productions, where he developed his skills and became a regular Camera Operator with some of Australia’s leading Cinematographers.

By 1983 he was awarded the ACS ‘Milli’ award for ‘Cinematographer of the year’, which is clearly an incredible achievement. This was awarded to him for the movie ‘Goodbye Paradise’, which is a movie that I decided to watch myself. I personally really enjoyed it, and he Cinematography is honestly hypnotizing stunning.

 

Some of the best Films and TV series that Seale helped to create are the following:

‘Gallipoli’ (Ken Hanman 1966)

‘Fatty Finn’ (Maurice Murphy 1980)

‘Goodbye Paradise’ (Carl Schultz 1983)

 

Auteur Theory:

Auteur theory (a phrase coined in France that translates to author theory) is the theory that the Director is viewed as the main creative force behind the film or TV series. The theory was introduced at the beginning of the 1950’s by French films Directors such as Francois Truffaut. Auteur theory means that Directors are the main creative force behind the movie and/ or TV series, and shape the style and form of the film.

An ‘Auteur’ is a Film Maker that has a distinctive style. You can usually tell that a film is created by the individual. Some examples of this could be ‘Tim Burton’ and ‘Alfred Hitchcock.’

At first I was quite confused between the distinctive difference between Genre Theory and Auteur Theory. To clear this up I decided to find out the clear difference between the two. Overall I found that Auteur draws attention towards the difference between film, whereas genre theory focuses on the generic similarities between films.

Tim Burton:

The director that really has stuck out to me when studying and researching all about auteur theory is Tim Burton. Tim Burton is an Auteur Director. His films are extremely gothic and quirky, and often contain a variety of dark elements. For example themes of death are often present in time Burton films. One example of this is in ‘Corpse Bride’ (2005). Here is a trailer for ‘Corpse Bride’ (2005)

 

The Movie Dude (2005) ‘Corpse Bride OFFICIAL TRAILER (HD)

As you can see in the trailer here, themes of death are clearly present. From this trailer you can also see other elements that Burton repetitively uses throughout his films. For instance, Burton uses the same actors in his films. Actors such as Johnny Depp and Helena Bonham Carter have stared in a range of Burtons films. After researching more, I found that Tim Burton and Helena Bonham Carter were married, and Burton and Depp are close friends. As well as this, because Burton is known for his dark quirky themed films, Johnny Depps quirky and animated personality makes it perfect for each role. Some examples of the characters Depp has played are ‘Willy Wonka’ in Charlie and The Chocolate factory (2005) and ‘Edward Scissorhands’ in ‘Edwards Scissorhands’ (1990).

Tim Burton often also uses Danny Elfman, in my opinion, one of the incredible composers of the moment. Danny Elfman has actually composed music for every Tim Burton film except five films. His music is absolutely hypnotizing, and really fits with Tim Burtons dark and eerie feel. Here is an example of some of Danny Elfmans work in the Burton classic ‘Beetlejuice’ (1988)

onlymoviesoundtracks’s channel (2011) ‘Main Titles – Beetlejuice Soundtrack – Danny Elfman’

In conclusion, Tim Burton is a prime example of a an Auteur director. Through his use of Actors, Composers, genre and overall look and style of film, you can automatically tell if a film is Directed by Tim Burton.

Harvard Referencing:

 Barbosa, J. (No Date) ‘The Top 10 Modern Auteur Filmmakers’ Available At: http://thescriptlab.com/features/the-lists/3183-the-top-10-modern-auteur-filmmakers?showall=&start=2 (Last Accessed: 24th October 2016)

Brianair (No Date) ‘Auteur Theory’ Available at: https://brianair.wordpress.com/film-theory/auteur-theory/ (Last Accessed: 24th October 2016)

British Cinematographer (No Date) ‘Road Rage John Seale ACS ASC / Mad Max: Fury Road’ Available at: https://britishcinematographer.co.uk/john-seale-acs-asc-mad-max-fury-road/ (Last Accessed: 18th October 2016)

dlibrary (No Date) ‘Auteur Theory’ Available At: http://dlibrary.acu.edu.au/staffhome/siryan/screen/auteur%20theory.htm (Last  Accessed: 24th October 2016)

 

Grover, C. (2013) ‘Tim Burton Auteur Theory’ Available at: http://www.slideshare.net/charliee_grover/tim-burton-auteur-theory (Last Accessed: 25th October 2016)

IEC (No Date) ‘JOHN SEALE’ Available at: http://www.cinematographers.nl/PaginasDoPh/seale.htm (Last Accessed: 18th October 2016)

IMDb (No Date) ‘John Seale’ Available at: http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0005868/ (Last Accessed: 18th October 2016)

Kheidr, K. (no date) ‘Explore Study Masters, Media Tv Outfits, and more!’ Available at: https://www.pinterest.com/pin/534450680750426881/ (Last Accessed 25th October 2016)

 

 

onlymoviesoundtracks’s channel (2011) ‘Main Titles – Beetlejuice Soundtrack – Danny Elfman’ available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GorM-UQ68Q8 (Last Accessed: 25th October 2016)

 

Rowe, P. (2013) ‘Auteur Director – Tim Burton | Penny Rowe’ Available at: https://pennyrowe.wordpress.com/2013/01/17/auteur-director-tim-burton/ (Last Accessed: 25th October 2016)

The Gale Group (no date) ‘John Seale’ Available at: http://www.encyclopedia.com/people/literature-and-arts/film-and-television-biographies/john-seale (Last Accessed: 18th October 2016)

The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica (No Date) ‘Auteur Theory’ Available at: https://www.britannica.com/art/auteur-theory (Last Accessed: 24th October 2016)

The Movie Dude (2005) ‘Corpse Bride OFFICIAL TRAILER (HD)’ available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JnniLlnsooI (Last Accessed: 25th October 2016)

 

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